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The Amazing Captain Fit:
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Surviving the Extreme Heat:



Extreme heat is defined as summertime temperatures that are much hotter and/or humid than average. Because some places are hotter than others, this depends on what’s considered average for a particular location at that time of year. Humid and muggy conditions can make it seem hotter than it really is.

What Causes Heat-Related Illness?

Heat-related illnesses, like heat exhaustion or heat stroke, happen when the body is not able to properly cool itself. While the body normally cools itself by sweating, during extreme heat, this might not be enough. In these cases, a person’s body temperature rises faster than it can cool itself down. This can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs.

Some factors that might increase your risk of developing a heat-related illness include:

  • High levels of humidity
  • Obesity
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Prescription drug use
  • Heart disease
  • Mental illness
  • Poor circulation
  • Sunburn
  • Alcohol use

Who is Most at Risk?

Older adults, the very young, and people with mental illness and chronic diseases are at highest risk.Summertime activity, whether on the playing field or the construction site, must be balanced with actions that help the body cool itself to prevent heat-related illness. Use this website to learn more on how to stay safe in the heat this summer, including how to prevent, recognize, and cope with heat-related illness.

September 2019 is National Sickle Cell Awareness Month

 
Sponsor By: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

September is National Sickle Cell Awareness Month. The purpose of the month is to bring attention to a crippling genetic disease that many people around the world struggle with and manage daily.

Who is affected?

While sickle cell disease affects millions of people throughout the world, it is more common among African-Americans. It is estimated that SCD affects 100,000 people in the United States.
Sickle cell trait is estimated to affect 1 million to 3 million Americans and 8 to 10 percent of African-Americans. Sickle cell trait can also affect Hispanics, South Asians, Caucasians from southern Europe, and people from Middle Eastern countries. More than 100 million people worldwide have sickle cell trait.

Care and Treatment

Early diagnosis and monitoring can make a difference in the quality of life and number of years lived for someone with SCD. The Center for Disease and Control recommends:
  • Babies from birth to 1 year of age should see a doctor every two to three months.
  • Children from 1 to 2 years of age should see a doctor at least every three months.
  • Children and adults 2 years of age or older should see a doctor at least once every year.
  • Persons with SCD should be referred to a hematologist or an experienced general pediatrician, internist or family practitioner.

Sickle Cell Disease Monitoring Projects

CDC, and participating states, began SCD surveillance (monitoring) in 2010 to learn more about people with SCD and the health problems they experience. SCD monitoring involves collecting information on diagnoses, treatments, and healthcare access for people with SCD in the United States. To learn about CDC’s SCD monitoring projects, and find a suite of online resources that can help you or someone you know live healthy with SCD click here.

Disclaimer: healthelinks is intended for information purposes only, not to offer medical advice.
Please consult your doctor about any personal health concerns.
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